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The skin, which is the largest organ in the human body, is composed of three layers – epidermis, dermis and hypodermis, as in the newborn it undergoes development during the first few months of life. At birth, its top layer is still very thin, not fully mature and easily injured. During the first weeks or longer for premature babies, the skin matures and develops its natural protective barrier and adapts to the new environment. You may notice that it is more sensitive and dry at times, but this is normal with adequate care and should calm down within three months.

Good skin care practices will help maintain the integrity of the baby’s skin barrier and can help prevent skin problems in the future. This includes proper cleansing, moisturizing and sun protection.

Bathing – how often?

Bathing frequency and time of day are based on your newborn’s individual needs. Use a mild soap-free cleanser if needed. Choose products that do not contain fragrances, botanicals and antibacterial agents, as these can be irritating to sensitive baby skin. After the bath, pat the skin dry, paying attention to skin folds. The use of baby powder or talc is not recommended.

Moisturizing and hydration

Apply a thick, unscented moisturizer daily at the first sign of dryness. Thicker creams are more effective than lotions.

Changing diapers

The diaper area is exposed to constant moisture, clogging and friction, which can irritate and damage the skin, causing a rash. To prevent this: Change your baby’s diapers often. Cleaning when changing is done with lukewarm water and soft disposable towels or a cotton swab. If necessary, a soap-free cleanser with a neutral pH can be used. If possible, leave your baby as much diaper time as possible

The clothes

Light, loose, soft clothes and cotton bedding are best. Be careful not to overheat your baby. Avoid rough, prickly fabrics that come into direct contact with the skin. To wash your baby’s clothes, use a mild, unscented detergent.

Sun protection – important and necessary

Baby skin is sensitive to the harmful effects of UV light. Babies under 6 months of age should be kept out of direct sunlight. When outdoors, light clothing, hats, stroller shades, and shade are the best protection against the sun’s harmful UV rays. When we have direct exposure to sunlight, a broad-spectrum SPF 50+ sunscreen should be applied. Choose a sunscreen suitable for babies or those with sensitive skin. Apply sunscreen 15-20 minutes before going outside and reapply every two hours. If the sunscreen causes a reaction on your baby’s skin, stop using the product.


There is a wide variety of products on the market, which often leads us to the question “What should I choose?”

Generally speaking, it is recommended that baby cosmetics be as free from dyes, fragrances and aggressive chemical components as possible, as well as having a neutral ph.


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